What is a Printer Driver?

Posted Friday, July 2nd, 2010 by .

Printer DriverPrinter drivers are the software that communicates with the printer, sending and receiving documents and data. You might think of the driver as a translator, translating the messages a computer sends into information that the printer understands, and vice versa. Without this translation, a computer and printer could not understand each other, and your toner cartridges would not be able to print anything.

Printers generally use a very stripped-down operating system that does not use the same programming language as a computer. Since different operating systems such as Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux all use different programming languages, printer drivers are often specially designed for each software platform as well. This is very important, as a driver designed for Mac OS X would not work properly on Windows.

Drivers vs. Software

Printer drivers are often confused with the printer software, such as the HP Toolbox software that pops up when printing to HP inkjet printers. Although the two are closely related, there are a few differences. The software is designed to provide enhanced features and options, but it relies on the driver to communicate with the printer itself. In some cases, the software and driver are installed together, but you may also find that they can be installed separately. The operating system can often function well with only the driver installed, but without the driver, the software will not work properly.

Finding and Installing a Printer Driver

The easiest and most common place to find the proper driver for your printer is the CD that came with the device. In most cases you can simply insert the disc and install the driver by following the onscreen prompts. The downside of using the disc is that it may contain older, outdated drivers, while newer updates may have been released.

For those with internet access, it is often better to find the most updated drivers from the manufacturer’s website. These can usually be found in the Support section under the Software or Downloads headings. Once you have found the proper driver for your device, download it, then double-click the downloaded file to start the installation process. Follow the onscreen prompts to complete the installation. For a more detailed steps, see Installing a Printer Driver.

Troubleshooting Drivers

When a printer driver fails there is often a communication error with the device. You may also find that the computer no longer lists the printer as an option. Both of these issues are common signs of a driver problem. It is often a good idea to uninstall and reinstall the most updated version of the drivers to resolve the issue.

Print Server PropertiesUninstall the Current Driver:

  1. Click the Start button and choose Devices and Printers.
  2. Click Print Server Properties in the top bar.
  3. Click the Drivers tab and click to select the driver you wish to remove.
  4. Click Remove. You may be asked if you are sure. Click Yes.
You can now insert the driver CD that came with the printer, or double-click your downloaded driver file to reinstall it. With any luck, this will resolve any driver issues you were experiencing.

The driver is an important part of the printing process. Without it, a computer and printer could not communicate with each other. Keeping your driver updated and knowing how to reinstall it when necessary can be an important troubleshooting step to help resolve any communication errors.

Greg Gladman

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Greg Gladman has two degrees from the University of Cincinnati and prides himself on managing the operations and customer service at Ink Technologies. With a mind like a vault, he is full of useful and useless information, making him an asset to the company and to his Tuesday night trivia team. When he is not working, he spends his time bowling and playing golf. Greg dedicates much of his free time to raising money and awareness in support of the fight against blood cancers. You can find him on .

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